Rules which enforce generally accepted best practices.
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ApexUnitTestClassShouldHaveAsserts

Since: PMD 5.5.1

Priority: Medium (3)

Apex unit tests should include at least one assertion. This makes the tests more robust, and using assert with messages provide the developer a clearer idea of what the test does.

This rule is defined by the following Java class: net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.apex.rule.bestpractices.ApexUnitTestClassShouldHaveAssertsRule

Example(s):

@isTest
public class Foo {
   public static testMethod void testSomething() {
      Account a = null;
   // This is better than having a NullPointerException
   // System.assertNotEquals(a, null, 'account not found');
   a.toString();
   }
}

This rule has the following properties:

Name Default Value Description
cc_categories [Style] Code Climate Categories
cc_remediation_points_multiplier 1 Code Climate Remediation Points multiplier
cc_block_highlighting false Code Climate Block Highlighting

Use this rule by referencing it:

<rule ref="category/apex/bestpractices.xml/ApexUnitTestClassShouldHaveAsserts" />

ApexUnitTestShouldNotUseSeeAllDataTrue

Since: PMD 5.5.1

Priority: Medium (3)

Apex unit tests should not use @isTest(seeAllData=true) because it opens up the existing database data for unexpected modification by tests.

This rule is defined by the following Java class: net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.apex.rule.bestpractices.ApexUnitTestShouldNotUseSeeAllDataTrueRule

Example(s):

@isTest(seeAllData = true)
public class Foo {
   public static testMethod void testSomething() {
      Account a = null;
   // This is better than having a NullPointerException
   // System.assertNotEquals(a, null, 'account not found');
   a.toString();
   }
}

This rule has the following properties:

Name Default Value Description
cc_categories [Style] Code Climate Categories
cc_remediation_points_multiplier 1 Code Climate Remediation Points multiplier
cc_block_highlighting false Code Climate Block Highlighting

Use this rule by referencing it:

<rule ref="category/apex/bestpractices.xml/ApexUnitTestShouldNotUseSeeAllDataTrue" />

AvoidGlobalModifier

Since: PMD 5.5.0

Priority: Medium (3)

Global classes should be avoided (especially in managed packages) as they can never be deleted or changed in signature. Always check twice if something needs to be global. Many interfaces (e.g. Batch) required global modifiers in the past but don’t require this anymore. Don’t lock yourself in.

This rule is defined by the following Java class: net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.apex.rule.bestpractices.AvoidGlobalModifierRule

Example(s):

global class Unchangeable {
    global UndeletableType unchangable(UndeletableType param) {
        // ...
    }
}

This rule has the following properties:

Name Default Value Description
cc_categories [Style] Code Climate Categories
cc_remediation_points_multiplier 1 Code Climate Remediation Points multiplier
cc_block_highlighting false Code Climate Block Highlighting

Use this rule by referencing it:

<rule ref="category/apex/bestpractices.xml/AvoidGlobalModifier" />

AvoidLogicInTrigger

Since: PMD 5.5.0

Priority: Medium (3)

As triggers do not allow methods like regular classes they are less flexible and suited to apply good encapsulation style. Therefore delegate the triggers work to a regular class (often called Trigger handler class).

See more here: https://developer.salesforce.com/page/Trigger_Frameworks_and_Apex_Trigger_Best_Practices

This rule is defined by the following Java class: net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.apex.rule.bestpractices.AvoidLogicInTriggerRule

Example(s):

trigger Accounts on Account (before insert, before update, before delete, after insert, after update, after delete, after undelete) {
    for(Account acc : Trigger.new) {
        if(Trigger.isInsert) {
            // ...
        }

        // ...

        if(Trigger.isDelete) {
            // ...
        }
    }
}

This rule has the following properties:

Name Default Value Description
cc_categories [Style] Code Climate Categories
cc_remediation_points_multiplier 1 Code Climate Remediation Points multiplier
cc_block_highlighting false Code Climate Block Highlighting

Use this rule by referencing it:

<rule ref="category/apex/bestpractices.xml/AvoidLogicInTrigger" />